• Siti Wahyuni Saing Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Chairil Anwar Korompot Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Sukardi Weda Pascasarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Negeri Makassar
Keywords: multilingual-interaction, perception, EFL classroom


This research was conducted to determine the multilingual interaction in the multilingual EFL classroom between students and teachers. This purpose of this study was to determine the multilingual interaction and the perception of EFL teachers on students' multilingual interactions in EFL. This research used a descriptive qualitative. The subjects were six students and one English teacher in setting SMAN 4 Takalar. Researchers used classroom observations and interviews as research instruments. This reveals and illustrates that multilingual interaction in students' EFL classes is very rarely used because in general students mostly use the Makassarese compared than combining Indonesian with English. That the interaction in classroom is, classified into categories, namely teacher-student interaction, teacher-student interaction (i) student-teacher interaction, and student-student interaction. Several student interviews also found that some students use social media as a method of mastering their language so that they are not rigid in terms of interaction even by using multiple languages at once. Meanwhile, the teacher's perception that stands out about the interactions carried out by students is the lack of vocabulary they use, so that the teacher can distinguish which students have high and weak levels of multilingual interactions in the classroom.


Aronim, L., & Singleton, D. 2012. Multilingualism. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Baker, C. 2006. Foundations Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, Fourth Edition. Multilingual Matters.
Baker, C. 2001. Foundations Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, Third Edition. Multilingual Matters.
Brown, H. D. 2000. Principles of Language Teaching and Learning. New York: Pearson Education.
Cenoz, J. 2009. Towards Multilingual Education: Basque Educational Research from an International Perspective. Multilingual Matters. by the MPG Books Group.
Cenoz, J., & Genesee, F. 1998. Beyond Bilingualism: Multilingualism and Multilingual Education. Multilingual Materss Ltd.
Jones, M., & Martin, M. D. 2017. Researching Multilingualism: Critical and Ethnographic Perspective. Oxford University.
Maher, J. 2017. Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Miles, M. B., & Hubberman, A. M. 2014. Qualitative Data Analysis: A Method Sourcebook. SAGE Publications, Incorporate.
Rahman, M. S. 2017. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches and Methods in Language “Testing and Assessment” Research: A literature Review. Journal of Education and Learning, 6 (1).
Stuart, G., & Ruth. 1986. Working With Words: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Vocabulary. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sugiyono. 2014. Quantitative Qualitative Research Methods R&D. Bandung: Alphabeta.
Syamsuddin. 2017. Research Method Paradigm (Quantitative and Qualitative). Sophia Publishers.