Submission Validation

A manuscript submitted signifies that the work stated has not been published previously, that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is accepted by all authors. And that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same format, in English, Bahasa, Arabic, or in any other language, including electronically without the written agreement of the copyright holder.

To verify originality, your manuscript may be checked by the service of plagiarism detection via Grammarly and Turnitin.