Needs Analysis of Agricultural English Teaching in an Indonesian Islamic Higher Education Context

  • Muhammad Yunus Universitas Muslim Indonesia
  • Sitti Halijah Universitas Muslim Indonesia
Keywords: ESP, Agricultural English teaching materials, Material Development


The research is the development of Agricultural English teaching materials at Universitas Muslim Indonesia. The purposes of this research are to (1) produce a type of Agricultural English teaching material suitable to be used by the students of Faculty of Agriculture UMI and to (2) discover why the students are learning English. The method used is research and development. The research site was at the Faculty of Agriculture UMI with the number of 50 respondents. The results showed that based on the student responses, 12 out of 42 topics occupy the highest percentage needed for Agricultural English teaching materials. Those 12 topics are as follows: rice, tomatoes, chili,  shallots, eggplant, papaya, rambutan, coconut, coffee, land, disease pest, and seeds. Then, the purposes of the students learning English can be categorized into two major groups, namely to anticipate competition in the workplace where the ability to communicate both oral and written is needed and to prepare themselves in the academic field both to complete S1 (undergraduate degree)  and to continue their studies S2 (master degree).


Akker, J., Branch, R., Gustafson, K., Nieveen, N., and Plomp, T. (1999). Design Approaches and Tools in Educational and Training. Michigan: Springer.
Basturkmen, H. (2010). Developing Courses in English for Specific Purposes. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Broughton, G., Brumfit, C., Flavell, R., Hill, P, and Pincas, A. (2003). Teaching English as a Foreign Language. London: Routledge.
Day, J. and Krzanowski, M. (2011). Teaching English for Specific Purposes : An Introduction. Camridge University Press.
Dick, W., Carey, L. and Carey, J. O. (2015). The Systematic Design of Instruction (Vol. 91). New York: Pearson.
Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, W. R. (2003). Educational Research: An introduction. New York: Pearson Education. Retrieved from
Hutchinson, T. and Waters, A. (1991). English for Specific Purposes: A learnig-centred aproach. New Jersey: Cambridge University Press.
Kesowo, B. (2003). Undang-Undang RI No 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta: Sekretaris Negara Republik Indonesia.
Liton, H. A. (2015). ESP Learners ’ Needs Related Learning for the Workplace : A Pragmatic Study for Business School, 8(2).
McDonough, J., Shaw, C., and Masuhara, H. (2013). Materials and Methods in ELT. Malden: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Netikšienė, N. (2006). Teaching english for specific purposes, (4), 80–82.
Nunan, D. (2001). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. Cambridge: The University Press.
Robertson, P. Cheng, W. (2010). The Asian ESP Journal (Vol. 6).
Tomlinson, B. (2008). English Language Learning Materials. (Brian Tomlison, Ed.) (Vol. 28). New York.
Yaumi, M. (2018). Pengembangan Bahan Ajar English for Specific Purpose Berbasis TIK, (ESP), 1–17.