Implementation of Education Policy in Secondary Schools in Delta State: Challenges and Future Directions

  • Anthony Great Ossa Department of Arts and Social Sciences education, Faculty of Education,University of Delta
Keywords: Education Policy, Implementation, Secondary School, Issues


Unqualified teachers, a lack of financing, and the absence of or limited availability of some essential educational facilities are issues encountered in the implementation of education policy. A descriptive research method was used. The purpose of this research is to investigate the challenges and opportunities of educational policy implementation in Delta State public secondary schools. The population consisted of all principals and teachers. The sample size was 62 principals and 260 teachers. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study, and the tool for data collection was a questionnaire. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using the Z-test. Findings showed that challenges in implementing education policies include underfunding, irregular classroom supervision, and so on. Among others, it recommended that the government should increase annual budget allocations to education and regular visits to schools by inspectors and supervisors.


Abdullahi, A. (2012). Science teaching in Nigeria. Ilorin: Atotopress.

Agba, M. A., Ushie, M. A., Awah, I. M. (2007). Implication of High Institutions Merger on Middle Manpower Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Cross River State. Journal Ibom Journal of Social Issues, 8(2).

Agba, M. O., Ushie, M. A., & Akegwu, B. A. (2006). Universal Basic Education (UBE) Enrollment in Cross River State. Implications for Management. Journal Ibom Journal of Social Issues, 7(2).

Aiyamenkhue, E. (2011). Challenges of Nigeria education system. Educational planning, 17(1) 134-138

Awokoya, S. O. (2011). The parameters of educational planning in S.Adesina (ed), introduction to educational planning. University of Ife press.

Chimezie, O. S. (2010). A practical guide to micro-teacher and teaching practice. Grace of God publishing company.

Mbakwo, J. N. (2004). Curriculum implementation and instructional plan. Upthrust

Nzeako, C.U. (2016). Challenges and prospects of educational policies and implementation in Nigeria secondary school system. Journal of Resourcefulness and Distinction,12(1) 18-27

Ocho, L.O (2003). Educational policy making, implementation and analysis. New Generation Books.

Oghonnaya, L. E. (2014). Educational policy implementation in secondary schools in Nigeria in G.D Unachukwu and P.N Okorji (Eds). Educational management- a skill building approach. Onitsha: Rev Charles and Patrick limited.

Okoroma, N. S. (2010). The perspectives of educational management, planning and policy analysis. Minson publishers.

Oriaifo, S.O. (2006). Planning and implementation of policies in Nigeria education: Issues, problems and prospects. Dasylva influence Enterprise.


Sanda, M.U. (2006). Issues and challenges of educational planning in Nigeria in the 21st century. Journal of Multi-Disciplinary studies. 1(1) 453-458.

Ugwu, J. C. (2008). Understanding the philosophy of education. Calvaside printing company.

Ukeje, B. O. (2016). School and society in Nigeria. Enugu: fourth dimension publishing company ltd.

Ushie, M. A., & Odey, S. A. (2022). Increased Minimum Wage Agitation in the Face of Recession in Nigeria. Journal Multi- Disciplinary Journal of Research and Development Perspective, 11(1) 55-72.

Ushie, M. A., Egidi, S. A., & Ubi, N. I. (2022). Youths Unemployment and Increasing Social Vices in Nigeria: Entrepreneurship As a Panacea. Journal Multi- Disciplinary Journal of Research and Development Perspective, 11 (1) 1-11.