Research Trends In Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis: A Bibliometric Analysis

  • Hety Nurohmah Universitas Widyatama
  • Rama Ulun Sundasewu Universitas Widyatama
Keywords: CDA, Multimodal, Research trend, Vosviewer, Bibliometric


This research aims to understand the evolution and development of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) research with a focus on multimodality. CDA is an interdisciplinary approach that explores the use of language and discourse in reproducing, reinforcing, and being closely linked to social relations, power, and ideology. From the initial understanding introduced by Norman Fairclough in the 1980s, CDA has become an important tool for analyzing power structures and social constructions in various contexts, including media, politics, education, and popular culture. CDA has undergone significant transformations along with complex changes in the social and political world. This research aims to map the latest trends and developments in CDA studies, with a special focus on aspects of multimodality. The data collection process is carried out by data mining process in Scopus using keywords and search limitations per category Subject area; Doc.type; Pub.stage; Source type; Language. The document data collected were 303 Scopus indexed documents. By involving bibliometric methods through the Vosviewer tool, the data was visualized and analyzed. The results of the study found that the development of CDA research in the aspect of multimodality has increased in number every year. The study of CDA in terms of multimodality began in 1993 and began to experience an increase in the number of studies from 2013 to 2023. The scope of keywords that emerged was six clusters. Each cluster of keywords reflects special attention to the scope in the study of critical discourse analysis and multimodality, including the diversity of research themes, the intersection of media and social aspects, the importance of visual and multimodal analysis, the connection with the local context, and the application of critical theories and concepts.


Adebomi, O. O. J. J. o. A. M. S. (2022). Language in a pandemic: A multimodal analysis of social media representation of COVID-19. 14(1), 7-28.

Catalano, T., & Waugh, L. R. (2020). Critical discourse analysis, critical discourse studies and beyond. Springer.

Cenderamata, R. C., & Darmayanti, N. J. L. J. B. D. S. I. S. P. (2019). Analisis Wacana Kritis Fairclough Pada Pemberitaan Selebriti Di Media Daring. 3(1), 1-8.

Darmawan, R. J. M. U. (2019). Lanskap Linguistik Di Destinasi Wisata Danau Toba.

Feng, D. W., & Wang, Y. (2024). Analysing multimodal cultural discourse: Scope and method. In The Routledge Handbook of Cultural Discourse Studies (pp. 248-263). Routledge.

Forchtner, B. J. C. D. S. (2021). Introducing ‘narrative in critical discourse studies’. In (Vol. 18, pp. 304-313): Taylor & Francis.

Guo, F., Feng, X. J. J. o. A., & Humanities. (2017). A multimodal discourse analysis of advertisements-based on visual grammar. 6(3), 59-69.

Humaira, H. W. J. L. J. B. d. S. I. s. P. (2018). Analisis Wacana Kritis (AWK) Model Teun A. Van Dijk Pada Pemberitaan Surat Kabar Republika. 2(1), 32-40.

Johnson, M. N. P., & McLean, E. (2020). Discourse Analysis. In A. Kobayashi (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Second Edition) (pp. 377-383). Elsevier.

Lennon, H. W., & Kilby, L. J. P. c. D. p. (2020). A multimodal discourse analysis of ‘Brexit’: Flagging the nation in political cartoons. 115-146.

Masitoh, M. J. E. L. S. (2020). Pendekatan dalam Analisis Wacana Kritis. 18(1), 66-76.

Peng, Z., & Hu, Z. (2022). A bibliometric analysis of linguistic research on COVID-19 [Review]. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, Article 1005487.

Qian, J., Wei, J., & Law, R. (2018). Review of critical discourse analysis in tourism studies [Article]. International Journal of Tourism Research, 20(4), 526-537.


Santoso, A. J. J. B. d. S. (2008). Jejak Halliday dalam linguistik kritis dan analisis wacana kritis. 36(1), 1-14.

Subagyo, P. A. J. L. I. (2010). Pragmatik kritis: paduan pragmatik dengan analisis wacana kritis. 2, 177-187.

Vásquez, C., & Aslan, E. J. J. o. P. (2021). “Cats be outside, how about meow”: multimodal humor and creativity in an internet meme. 171, 101-117.

Wang, G., Wu, X., & Li, Q. (2022). A bibliometric study of news discourse analysis (1988‒2020) [Article]. Discourse and Communication, 16(1), 110-128.

Xiao, H., & Li, L. (2021). A bibliometric analysis of critical discourse analysis and its implications [Article]. Discourse and Society, 32(4), 482-502.

Zakiyyaha, F. N., Winotob, Y., & Rohandac. (2022). Pemetaan bibliometrik terhadap perkembangan penelitian dengan topik arsitektur informasi pada Google scholar menggunakan Vosviewer. Informatio: Journal of Library and Information Science, 2(1), 43-60.