The Use of Four-Square Technique to Improve Students’ Writing Ability
This research was quasi-experimental research that aimed to find out the extent of the improvement students' writing ability by using the Four Square Technique on the descriptive text at students X SMAN 3 Takalar. the researcher took 53 samples, 28 students as the experimental group and 25 students as the control group. The research data was obtained by giving a pre-test and post-test and analyzed by using the Dependent Sample T- Test. The result of the data showed that students' writing ability improved. It was proved from score result of tobs (16,673) which was higher than ttable (2.052) and sig. P (0.05) was higher than sig.score (0.000). Students' writing ability improve by 0.1% after using the Four Square Technique from pre-test mean score was 65.07 and the post-test mean score was 75.14. So, it can be concluded that using Four Square Technique can improve students' writing ability in writing a descriptive text at students X SMAN 3 Takalar. By using it, students showed that they can be motivated in writing, students more easily generate and organize their ideas into a text so that students’ writing was more organized also easy to understand.
Arikunto, S. (1990). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Angkasa.
Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Brown, H. D. (1994). Teaching Principle of Language and Teaching. San Fransisco: Practice Hall Regents.
Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by Principles: Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy: London: Longman.
Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. London: Longman.
Burn, A. (1999). Collaborative Action Research for English Language Teacher. Cambridge: University Press.
Burn, A. (2010). Doing Action Research in English Language: A Guide for Practitioners. New York: Routledge.
Byrne, D. (1997). Teaching Writing Skill. London: Longman.
Clark, I. (2014). Teaching Writing. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate.
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research : Planning, Conducting and Valuating Quantitavi and Qualitative Research. New York: Pearson.
David, K. (2000). Action Learning and Action Research. London: Kogan Page Ltd.
Depdiknas. (2006). Standar Kompetensi. Mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. . Jakarta: Depdiknas.
Donald Ary, L. C. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (Vol. VIII). Australia, United Kingdom, United State: Wadsworth CENGAGE Learning.
Evans, V. (2000). Successful Writing Proficiency.
Cambridge: Express Publishing.
Fatimah, S. (2014, Maret). Improving Students’ Writing Skill Using Four Square Writing Method. Radenintan, 9-15.
Geoffrey, M. E. (2006). Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Research. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Gould., J. S. (1999). Four Squer Writing Method for Grades 7-9. Carthage: Teaching and Learning Company.
Guy L.R, A. P. (2000). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Application. Boston: prentice-Hall.
Guy L.R, F. P. (2012). Educational Researh: Competencies for Analysis and Aplications (Vol. x). Southern Oregon University.
Harmer, J. (1999). The Practice English Language Teaching (Vol. III). New York: www.longman.com.
Hogue, A. O. (2007). Introduction in academic writing. Pearson Education (Vol. third). New York: Longman.
Hyland. (2004). Second Language Writing. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hyland, K. (2004). Second Writing. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Javed, M. W. (2013). A Study of Students’ Assessment in Writing Skills of the English Language. International Journal of Instruction,, 6, 129-144.
Jolly, D. (1994). Writing Task An Authentic task approach to individual writing Needd. . New York : Cambridge University press .
Karolina, I. (2006). Teaching Narrative Text In Improving Writing To The Tenth Grade Students Of Sma Negeri 1 Petarukan, Pemalang. unnes.
Khanifah, K. (2018). The Use Of Four Square Writing Method To Improve Students’ Writing Skill In Recount Text. perpus iainsalatiga, 39-41.
Koshy, V. (2005). Action Research For Improving Practice: A Practical Guide. London, New Delhi: Publition Ltd.
Levin, M. (1993). Developmental Variatioan an Lwaening Disorders. . Cambridge: Educators Publishing Service.
Lopa, V. M. (2012). Students’ Ability in Writing Descriptive . Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.
Michael, W. J. (1999). Action Research for Language Teacher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Savage, A. a. (2005). Effective Academic Writing 2: the Short Essay. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sayogi, F. (2008). Penerjemahan Bahasa Inggris ke Dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Bogor: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.
Setiyadi, A. B. (2006). Teaching English as Foreign Language. Yogyakarta: Graham Ilmu.
Sugiyono. (2010). Statistika Untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sugiyono. (2011). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. . Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mix Methods). Bandung: Alfabeta.
Tan, H. m. (2007). A study of EFL Learners’ writing Errors and instructional Strategies. Journal of Khun Shan University, 4, 113-122.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. All articles published by Tamaddun are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 License. This means that anyone is free to read, download, print, copy, search, crawl for indexing, link to the full text, transform, pass as data into software, or redistribute articles for any lawful purpose in any medium, without requiring prior permission from either the author(s) or Tamaddun, provided they give appropriate attribution to the original author(s) and Tamaddun, link to the license, indicate if changes were made, and redistribute any derivative work under the same license.
b. Copyright on articles is retained by the respective author(s), without restrictions. A non-exclusive license is granted to Tamaddun to publish the article and identify itself as its original publisher.
c. Although the conditions of the CC BY-NC-SA license don't apply to authors (as the copyright holder of your article, you have no restrictions on your rights), by submitting to Tamaddun, authors recognize the rights of readers, and must grant any third party the right to use their article to the extent provided by the license.